Let's talk about what factors should be considered when placing trees in the garden.
What plants can be planted nearby?
This is probably one of the most important points to find out before planting seedlings. Compatibility of plants is called allelopathy. It can be both negative and positive.
The best compatibility of fruit trees will be achieved if plants of the same type are planted nearby: apple trees with apple trees, pears with pears, cherries with cherries. But such a similar garden will look quite boring. And so in our gardens there are trees of different types, which are important to plant correctly. For example, a pear will feel great next to an apple tree and a red mountain ash, while a cherry or peach will cause it a lot of inconvenience
The walnut gets along the worst with the "neighbors" in the garden. This tree is considered toxic and can depress almost all fruit crops. Therefore, if you are going to have such a plant in the garden, find a place for it on the outskirts of the plot, where it will not interfere with anyone.
The landscape style looks more natural – trees in nature grow chaotically. That is, you can place the crops as you want (taking into account the compatibility of plants and other factors that affect their successful growth). This method of planting fruit crops is suitable for uneven areas, with depressions and hills, since such" shortcomings " of the terrain will create the illusion of a natural natural composition.
In order for the crops to have enough space for harmonious development, they must be planted at a certain distance from each other, as well as from the buildings. So, cherries and plums should not be placed closer than 3 m from the boundaries of the site (as well as from fences and buildings). It is advisable to plant apple and pear trees even further away from them.
The distance between the rows of trees grafted on tall rootstocks, on average, should be about 5-6 m. In the rows between the crops, you need to leave a gap of 4-5 m wide. If you plant fruit crops closer, they will start to stretch ahead of time (they will stretch to the sun), their productivity will decrease, and the quality of the crop will deteriorate
Usually, each gardener decides this individually, based on the size of the plot and their needs. But on average, in order to provide a family of 3-4 people with fruits, it is recommended to plant:
3 winter apple trees;
2 apple trees of autumn varieties;
2 apple trees of summer varieties;
4 plums (or 2 plums and 2 plums).
Usually, trees are planted or replanted only when they are at rest: in spring or autumn. In the summer, this procedure is not safe, because the plants are in the midst of the growing process. And if you disturb a young tree at this time, then after suffering stress, it risks getting sick or even dying. How to determine in which season to plant trees correctly? The choice depends on the climate zone.
Now that the plan for planting trees in the garden is made taking into account all the nuances, it's time to start laying the fruit garden